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June 29, 2020

An assembly of meshed gears consisting of a central or sun gear, a coaxial inner or ring gear, and one or more intermediate pinions supported upon a revolving carrier. Sometimes the word planetary gear teach can be used broadly as a synonym for epicyclic Planetary Gear Transmission equipment teach, or narrowly to point that the ring equipment is the set member. In a simple planetary gear teach the pinions mesh at the same time with the two coaxial gears (find illustration). With the central equipment set, a pinion rotates about it as a world rotates about its sun, and the gears are named appropriately: the central gear may be the sun, and the pinions will be the planets.
This is a concise, ‘single’ stage planetary gearset where the output is derived from another ring gear varying a few teeth from the principal.
With the initial style of 18 sun teeth, 60 band teeth, and 3 planets, this resulted in a ‘single’ stage gear reduction of -82.33:1.
A normal planetary gearset of this size could have a reduction ratio of 4.33:1.
That is a good deal of torque in a little package.
At Nominal Voltage
Voltage (Nominal) 12V
Voltage Range (Recommended) 3V – 12V
Speed (No Load)* 52 rpm
Current (No Load)* 0.21A
Current (Stall)* 4.9A
Torque (Stall)* 291.6 oz-in (21 kgf-cm)
Gear Ratio 231:1
Gear Material Metal
Gearbox Style Planetary
Motor Type DC
Output Shaft Diameter 4mm (0.1575”)
Output Shaft Style D-shaft
Output Shaft Support Dual Ball Bearing
Electrical Connection Man Spade Terminal
Operating Temperature -10 ~ +60°C
Installation Screw Size M2 x 0.4mm
Product Weight 100g (3.53oz)
Within an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference run between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with external teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur gear takes place in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar system. This is how planetary gears acquired their name.
The parts of a planetary gear train could be split into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is known as a ring gear. In the majority of cases the casing is fixed. The driving sun pinion can be in the center of the ring equipment, and is coaxially arranged in relation to the output. Sunlight pinion is usually mounted on a clamping system to be able to provide the mechanical connection to the motor shaft. During operation, the planetary gears, which are mounted on a planetary carrier, roll between your sunlight pinion and the band equipment. The planetary carrier also represents the output shaft of the gearbox.
The sole reason for the planetary gears is to transfer the required torque. The number of teeth has no effect on the transmission ratio of the gearbox. The amount of planets can also vary. As the amount of planetary gears raises, the distribution of the load increases and therefore the torque that can be transmitted. Increasing the number of tooth engagements also reduces the rolling power. Since just part of the total output needs to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary equipment is extremely efficient. The benefit of a planetary equipment compared to a single spur gear is based on this load distribution. It is therefore feasible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a concise design using planetary gears.
Provided that the ring gear has a constant size, different ratios can be realized by different the amount of teeth of the sun gear and the amount of the teeth of the planetary gears. Small the sun equipment, the greater the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage is usually approx. 3:1 to 10:1, because the planetary gears and sunlight gear are extremely little above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be obtained by connecting several planetary phases in series in the same band gear. In this case, we talk about multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques can be overlaid by having a band gear that’s not fixed but is driven in any direction of rotation. It is also possible to fix the drive shaft to be able to pick up the torque via the ring gear. Planetary gearboxes have grown to be extremely important in many areas of mechanical engineering.
They have become particularly well established in areas where high output levels and fast speeds should be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High tranny ratios may also easily be achieved with planetary gearboxes. Because of the positive properties and small design, the gearboxes have many potential uses in industrial applications.
The benefits of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to several planetary gears
High efficiency due to low rolling power
Nearly unlimited transmission ratio options because of combination of several planet stages
Appropriate as planetary switching gear due to fixing this or that part of the gearbox
Chance for use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
Suitability for a wide selection of applications
Within an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference operate between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with external teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur gear takes place in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar system. This is one way planetary gears acquired their name.
The parts of a planetary gear train can be split into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is actually a ring gear. In the majority of cases the casing is fixed. The driving sun pinion is certainly in the heart of the ring gear, and is coaxially arranged with regards to the output. The sun pinion is usually mounted on a clamping system to be able to provide the mechanical connection to the electric motor shaft. During procedure, the planetary gears, which are installed on a planetary carrier, roll between your sun pinion and the ring gear. The planetary carrier also represents the result shaft of the gearbox.
The sole reason for the planetary gears is to transfer the mandatory torque. The amount of teeth does not have any effect on the transmission ratio of the gearbox. The number of planets may also vary. As the number of planetary gears raises, the distribution of the load increases and then the torque which can be transmitted. Raising the amount of tooth engagements also reduces the rolling power. Since only section of the total result needs to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary equipment is extremely efficient. The benefit of a planetary equipment compared to an individual spur gear is based on this load distribution. Hence, it is feasible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a compact design using planetary gears.
So long as the ring gear has a constant size, different ratios could be realized by varying the amount of teeth of the sun gear and the amount of teeth of the planetary gears. Small the sun equipment, the higher the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage is approx. 3:1 to 10:1, because the planetary gears and the sun gear are extremely little above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be obtained by connecting several planetary stages in series in the same ring gear. In this instance, we talk about multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques can be overlaid by having a ring gear that is not set but is driven in virtually any direction of rotation. It is also possible to fix the drive shaft to be able to pick up the torque via the ring equipment. Planetary gearboxes have become extremely important in lots of regions of mechanical engineering.
They have grown to be particularly more developed in areas where high output levels and fast speeds should be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High tranny ratios may also easily be performed with planetary gearboxes. Because of their positive properties and small design, the gearboxes possess many potential uses in industrial applications.
The benefits of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to many planetary gears
High efficiency because of low rolling power
Almost unlimited transmission ratio options because of combination of several planet stages
Suitable as planetary switching gear because of fixing this or that area of the gearbox
Possibility of use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
Suitability for an array of applications
Epicyclic gearbox can be an automatic type gearbox in which parallel shafts and gears arrangement from manual equipment box are replaced with an increase of compact and more dependable sun and planetary kind of gears arrangement and also the manual clutch from manual power train is definitely replaced with hydro coupled clutch or torque convertor which in turn produced the transmission automatic.
The idea of epicyclic gear box is extracted from the solar system which is known as to the perfect arrangement of objects.
The epicyclic gearbox usually includes the P N R D S (Parking, Neutral, Invert, Drive, Sport) settings which is obtained by fixing of sun and planetary gears according to the need of the drive.
In an epicyclic or planetary gear train, several spur gears distributed evenly around the circumference run between a gear with internal teeth and a gear with external teeth on a concentric orbit. The circulation of the spur gear takes place in analogy to the orbiting of the planets in the solar program. This is one way planetary gears obtained their name.
The parts of a planetary gear train can be split into four main constituents.
The housing with integrated internal teeth is known as a ring gear. In nearly all cases the housing is fixed. The traveling sun pinion is in the center of the ring equipment, and is coaxially organized with regards to the output. The sun pinion is usually attached to a clamping system in order to provide the mechanical connection to the electric motor shaft. During procedure, the planetary gears, which are installed on a planetary carrier, roll between your sun pinion and the band gear. The planetary carrier also represents the output shaft of the gearbox.
The sole purpose of the planetary gears is to transfer the required torque. The amount of teeth has no effect on the transmitting ratio of the gearbox. The number of planets can also vary. As the number of planetary gears raises, the distribution of the load increases and therefore the torque that can be transmitted. Raising the number of tooth engagements also reduces the rolling power. Since just area of the total output needs to be transmitted as rolling power, a planetary equipment is extremely efficient. The benefit of a planetary gear compared to an individual spur gear is based on this load distribution. It is therefore possible to transmit high torques wit
h high efficiency with a compact design using planetary gears.
Provided that the ring gear has a continuous size, different ratios can be realized by various the amount of teeth of sunlight gear and the amount of teeth of the planetary gears. The smaller the sun equipment, the higher the ratio. Technically, a meaningful ratio range for a planetary stage is certainly approx. 3:1 to 10:1, since the planetary gears and the sun gear are extremely little above and below these ratios. Higher ratios can be acquired by connecting several planetary phases in series in the same ring gear. In cases like this, we talk about multi-stage gearboxes.
With planetary gearboxes the speeds and torques can be overlaid by having a ring gear that is not fixed but is driven in virtually any direction of rotation. It is also possible to fix the drive shaft in order to grab the torque via the ring gear. Planetary gearboxes have become extremely important in many regions of mechanical engineering.
They have become particularly more developed in areas where high output levels and fast speeds must be transmitted with favorable mass inertia ratio adaptation. High transmitting ratios may also easily be achieved with planetary gearboxes. Because of their positive properties and small design, the gearboxes have many potential uses in industrial applications.
The benefits of planetary gearboxes:
Coaxial arrangement of input shaft and output shaft
Load distribution to many planetary gears
High efficiency due to low rolling power
Nearly unlimited transmission ratio options due to combination of several planet stages
Appropriate as planetary switching gear because of fixing this or that portion of the gearbox
Chance for use as overriding gearbox
Favorable volume output
In a planetary gearbox, many teeth are engaged at once, which allows high speed reduction to be achieved with fairly small gears and lower inertia reflected back to the engine. Having multiple teeth discuss the load also enables planetary gears to transmit high degrees of torque. The combination of compact size, huge speed reduction and high torque transmitting makes planetary gearboxes a favorite choice for space-constrained applications.
But planetary gearboxes do have some disadvantages. Their complexity in style and manufacturing tends to make them a far more expensive alternative than additional gearbox types. And precision manufacturing is really important for these gearboxes. If one planetary equipment is put closer to sunlight gear than the others, imbalances in the planetary gears can occur, leading to premature wear and failing. Also, the small footprint of planetary gears makes high temperature dissipation more difficult, therefore applications that operate at very high speed or experience continuous procedure may require cooling.
When using a “standard” (i.e. inline) planetary gearbox, the motor and the driven equipment should be inline with one another, although manufacturers provide right-angle designs that integrate other gear sets (often bevel gears with helical tooth) to provide an offset between your input and output.
Input power (max)27 kW (36 hp)
Input speed (max)2800 rpm2
Output torque (intermittent)12,880 Nm(9,500 lb-ft)
Output torque (continuous)8,135 Nm (6,000 lb-ft)
1 Actual ratio would depend on the drive configuration.
2 Max input speed linked to ratio and max output speed
3 Max radial load positioned at optimum load position
4 Weight varies with configuration and ratio selected
5 Requires tapered roller planet bearings (unavailable with all ratios)
Approximate dry weight100 -181 kg (220 – 400 lb)4
Radial load (max)14,287kg (31,500 lb)3
Drive typeSpeed reducer
Hydraulic electric motor input SAE C or D hydraulic
A planetary transmission program (or Epicyclic system since it can be known), consists normally of a centrally pivoted sun gear, a ring gear and several world gears which rotate between these.
This assembly concept explains the term planetary transmission, as the planet gears rotate around sunlight gear as in the astronomical sense the planets rotate around our sun.
The advantage of a planetary transmission depends upon load distribution over multiple planet gears. It is thereby feasible to transfer high torques utilizing a compact design.
Gear assembly 1 and equipment assembly 2 of the Ever-Power 500/14 possess two selectable sunlight gears. The first gear stage of the stepped planet gears engages with sunlight gear #1. The second gear step engages with sun gear #2. With sun gear one or two 2 coupled to the axle,or the coupling of sunlight gear 1 with the ring gear, three ratio variations are achievable with each equipment assembly.
Direct Gear 1:1
Example Gear Assy (1) and (2)
With direct equipment selected in gear assy (1) or (2), the sun gear 1 is in conjunction with the ring gear in gear assy (1) or gear assy (2) respectively. The sun gear 1 and band gear then rotate with each other at the same quickness. The stepped world gears usually do not unroll. Hence the apparatus ratio is 1:1.
Gear assy (3) aquires direct gear predicated on the same principle. Sunlight gear 3 and band gear 3 are directly coupled.
Many “gears” are utilized for automobiles, however they are also used for many various other machines. The most frequent one may be the “transmission” that conveys the energy of engine to tires. There are broadly two roles the transmission of an automobile plays : one is certainly to decelerate the high rotation swiftness emitted by the engine to transmit to tires; the other is to improve the reduction ratio relative to the acceleration / deceleration or driving speed of an automobile.
The rotation speed of an automobile’s engine in the overall state of generating amounts to at least one 1,000 – 4,000 rotations each and every minute (17 – 67 per second). Since it is difficult to rotate tires with the same rotation acceleration to run, it is required to lower the rotation speed using the ratio of the amount of gear teeth. Such a role is named deceleration; the ratio of the rotation quickness of engine and that of wheels is called the reduction ratio.
Then, why is it necessary to modify the reduction ratio in accordance with the acceleration / deceleration or driving speed ? It is because substances need a large force to start moving however they usually do not require this kind of a sizable force to keep moving once they have started to move. Automobile could be cited as a good example. An engine, nevertheless, by its nature can’t so finely modify its output. Therefore, one adjusts its output by changing the decrease ratio employing a transmission.
The transmission of motive power through gears quite definitely resembles the principle of leverage (a lever). The ratio of the number of teeth of gears meshing with each other can be deemed as the ratio of the length of levers’ arms. That’s, if the decrease ratio is huge and the rotation acceleration as output is low in comparison compared to that as input, the power output by transmission (torque) will be large; if the rotation acceleration as output is not so lower in comparison to that as input, on the other hand, the power output by transmission (torque) will be small. Thus, to change the decrease ratio utilizing transmission is much akin to the basic principle of moving things.
After that, how does a transmission alter the reduction ratio ? The answer is based on the mechanism called a planetary equipment mechanism.
A planetary gear mechanism is a gear system comprising 4 components, namely, sun gear A, several planet gears B, internal gear C and carrier D that connects planet gears as seen in the graph below. It has a very complex framework rendering its design or production most challenging; it can recognize the high decrease ratio through gears, nevertheless, it is a mechanism suited to a reduction system that requires both little size and powerful such as transmission for automobiles.
The planetary speed reducer & gearbox is a kind of transmission mechanism. It utilizes the acceleration transducer of the gearbox to lessen the turnover number of the engine to the required one and get a huge torque. How does a planetary gearbox work? We can learn more about it from the structure.
The primary transmission structure of the planetary gearbox is planet gears, sun gear and ring gear. The ring gear is located in close get in touch with with the internal gearbox case. The sun gear driven by the external power lies in the guts of the ring gear. Between your sun gear and ring gear, there exists a planetary equipment set consisting of three gears equally built-up at the earth carrier, which is usually floating among them relying on the support of the result shaft, ring equipment and sun gear. When sunlight gear is actuated by the insight power, the earth gears will be powered to rotate and revolve around the center combined with the orbit of the ring gear. The rotation of the earth gears drives the output shaft linked with the carrier to output the power.
Planetary speed reducer applications
Planetary speed reducers & gearboxes have a whole lot of advantages, like little size, light weight, high load capability, lengthy service life, high reliability, low noise, large output torque, wide selection of speed ratio, high efficiency and so forth. Besides, the planetary speed reducers gearboxes in Ever-Power are created for sq . flange, which are easy and convenient for installation and ideal for AC/DC servo motors, stepper motors, hydraulic motors etc.
Due to these advantages, planetary gearboxes are applicable to the lifting transport, engineering machinery, metallurgy, mining, petrochemicals, structure machinery, light and textile sector, medical equipment, device and gauge, vehicle, ships, weapons, aerospace and other industrial sectors.
The primary reason to use a gearhead is that it makes it possible to regulate a sizable load inertia with a comparatively small motor inertia. Without the gearhead, acceleration or velocity control of the strain would require that the electric motor torque, and therefore current, would have to be as many times higher as the reduction ratio which is used. Moog offers a selection of windings in each body size that, coupled with an array of reduction ratios, provides an assortment of solution to output requirements. Each combination of electric motor and gearhead offers exclusive advantages.
Precision Planetary Gearheads
gearheads
32 mm LOW PRICED Planetary Gearhead
32 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
52 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
62 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
81 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
120 mm Precision Planetary Gearhead
Planetary gearheads are suitable for transmitting high torques as high as 120 Nm. Generally, the larger gearheads include ball bearings at the gearhead result.
Properties of the Ever-Power planetary gearhead:
– For tranny of high torques up to 180 Nm
– Reduction ratios from 4:1 to 6285:1
– High functionality in the smallest of spaces
– High reduction ratio in an extremely small package
– Concentric gearhead insight and output
Versions:
– Plastic version
– Ceramic version
– High-power gearheads
– Heavy-duty gearheads
– Gearheads with reduced backlash
80mm size inline planetary reducer for NEMA34 (flange 86mm) or NEMA42 stepper motor. Precision less than 18 Arcmin. High torque, small size and competitive price. The 16mm shaft diameter ensures balance in applications with belt transmission. Fast installation for your equipment.
80mm size inline planetary reducer for NEMA34 (flange 86mm) or NEMA42 stepper motor. Precision less than 18 Arcmin. High torque, small size and competitive cost. The 16mm shaft diameter ensures balance in applications with belt transmission. Fast installation for your equipment.
1. Planetary ring gear material: metal steel
2. Bearing at result type: Ball bearing
3. Max radial load (12mm distance from flange): 550N
4. Max shaft axial load: 500N
5. Backlash: 18 arcmin
6. Gear ratio from 3 to 216
7. Planetary gearbox length from 79 to 107mm
NEMA34 Precision type Planetary Gearbox for nema 34 Gear Stepper Motor 50N.m (6944oz-in) Rated Torque
This gear ratio is 5:1, if need other gear ratio, please contact us.
Input motor shaft ask for :
suitable with regular nema34 stepper motor shaft 14mm diameter*32 length(Including pad height). (plane and Circular shaft and crucial shaft both available)
The difference between the economical and precision Nema34 planetary reducer:
First of all: the financial and precise installation methods are different. The input of the cost-effective retarder assembly is the keyway (ie the result shaft of the electric motor can be an assembleable keyway electric motor); the insight of the precision reducer assembly can be clamped and the insight electric motor shaft is a flat or circular shaft or keyway. The shaft could be mounted (take note: the keyway shaft can be removed following the key is removed).
Second, the economical and precision planetary gearboxes possess the same drawings and measurements. The main difference is: the materials is different. Accurate gear models are more advanced than economical gear units with regards to transmission efficiency and accuracy, in addition to heat and sound and torque output stability.