Two important principles in gearing are pitch surface and pitch angle. The pitch surface area of a gear may be the imaginary toothless surface area that you would possess by beval gearbox averaging out the peaks and valleys of the average person teeth. The pitch surface of a typical gear is the form of a cylinder. The pitch angle of a gear is the angle between your encounter of the pitch surface area and the axis.

The most familiar kinds of bevel gears have pitch angles of significantly less than 90 degrees and they are cone-shaped. This kind of bevel gear is called external because the gear teeth point outward. The pitch areas of meshed external bevel gears are coaxial with the gear shafts; the apexes of the two areas are at the idea of intersection of the shaft axes.

Bevel gears which have pitch angles of greater than ninety degrees have teeth that time inward and so are called internal bevel gears.

Bevel gears which have pitch angles of exactly 90 degrees possess teeth that time outward parallel with the axis and resemble the points on a crown. That is why this kind of bevel gear is called a crown gear.

Mitre gears are mating bevel gears with equivalent numbers of teeth and with axes at right angles.

Skew bevel gears are those for which the corresponding crown gear has the teeth that are directly and oblique.